Acalypha filiformis   (Poir.)


 
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Saint Helena Copperleaf
(Acalypha filiformis ssp. rubra ((Müll. Arg.) Govaerts))

 
syn. Acalypha reticulata var. rubra (Müll. Arg.), Acalypha rubra (Roxb.), Acalypha rubrinervis (Cronk)

 
distribution:

British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha: Saint Helena

 
local name:

Stringwood (English - Saint Helena)

 
size: ca. 50 cm (Höhe) (?)

extinction date: last seen in 1870

 
The Saint Helena Copperleaf was a kind of miniature tree, which was well known to the inhabitants of Saint Helena, because it had somewhat an ornamental value due to its red-veined leaves and the filamentous strings of male flowers.

Already at the time of its discovery this plant was very rare and restricted to the central mountains of Saint Helena.

 
left:

Saint Helena Copperleaf (Acalypha filiformis ssp. rubra)


Depiction from 'William Botting Hemsley: Report on the Botany of the Bermudas and various other Islands of the Atlantic and Southern Oceans. Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-76: under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R. N., F. R. S. and Captain Frank Turle Thomson, R. N.. Botany Vol. 1: 49-122, 1885'

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org

 
References:

- William Botting Hemsley: Report on the Botany of the Bermudas and various other Islands of the Atlantic and Southern Oceans. Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-76: under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R. N., F. R. S. and Captain Frank Turle Thomson, R. N.. Botany Vol. 1: 49-122, 1885