Battus polydamas   (L.)


 
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Antiqua Polydamas Swallowtail
(Battus polydamas antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan))

 
syn. Papilio polydamas antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan)

 
distribution:

Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua

 
native name: -

 
size: ?

extinction date: ?

 
The Polydamas Swallowtail, depending on the subspecies, reaches a wingspan of 9 to 12 cm and occurs all over Middle- and South America including the Caribbean.

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Dru Drury, a british entomologist, drew in the year 1770 a male specimen of this species (see picture below), which obviously originated from the island of Antigua. Based on this picture Heinrich Ernst Karl Jordan and Lionel Walter Rothschild described in the year 1906 this new subspecies, which then again has gone extinct in the meantime.

 
 
above:

Antiqua Polydamas Swallowtail (Battus polydamas antiquus)


Depiction from 'Illustrations of exotic entomology: containing upwards of six hundred and fifty figures and descriptions of foreign insects, interspersed with remarks and reflections on their nature and properties / by Dru Drury; a new ed., brought down to the present state of the science, with the systematic characters of each species, synonyms, indexes, and other additional matter. By J. O. Westwood. London: Henry G. Bohn, 4 York Street, Covent Garden, 1837'

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org

 
References:

- David W. Steadman; Gregory K. Pregill; Storrs L. Olson: Fossil vertebrates from Antigua, Lesser Antilles: Evidence for late Holocene human-caused extinctions in the West Indies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA; Vol. 81: 4448-4451. 1984
- Gregory K. Pregill; David W. Steadman; Storrs L. Olson; Frederick V. Grady. Late Holocene Fossil Vertebrates from Burma Quarry, Antigua, Lesser Antilles. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 463 (1988)