Enconocephalus remotus   (Walker)


 
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Hawaiian Conehead Katydid
(Enconocephalus remotus)

 
syn. Conocephaloides hawaiiensis (Perkins), Conocephaloides remotus ((Walker) Kirby), Conocephalus remotus (Walker), Ruspolia remotus ((Walker) Bailey)

 
distribution:

Hawai'i Islands: Hawai'i, Lana'i, Maui

 
local name: -

 
size: ca. 4,6 cm (?) (length)

extinction date: (?)

 
The Hawaiian Conehead Katydid was described from a female (?) specimen, which was taken in the year 1896 near the Ola'a forest on the island of Hawai'i.

Specimens from other islands, which were formerly described as distinct species, were later included in this species.

This species was obviously a pest in pineapple plantations.

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The Hawaiian Conehead Katydid is now considered as possibly extinct, apparently without knowing the real reasons for this.

 
left:

Hawaiian Conehead Katydid (Enconocephalus remotus)


Depiction from 'Fauna Hawaiiensis; being the land-fauna of the Hawaiian islands. by various authors, 1899-1913. Cambridge [Eng.]: The University press, 1913.

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org

 
References:

- P. A. Maddison: Pests and other fauna associated with plants, with botanicla accounts of plants. UNDP/FAO-SPEC Survey of Agricultural Pests and Diseases in the South Pacific. Technical Report Vol. 3. Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd. 1993
- John Sanford Strazanac: Hawaiian endemic Copiphorini: systematics and acoustics (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Conocephalinae). Entomology: Thesis (Ph. D.) University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1996
- M. J. Samways; J. A. Lockwood: Orthoptera conservation: pests and paradoxes. Journal of Insect Conservation 2(34): 143149. 1998