Ptilinopus mercierii


 
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Red-moustached Fruit Dove
(Ptilinopus mercierii mercierii)

 
syn. Kurukuru mercierii

 
distribution:

Marquesas: Nuku Hiva

 
native name:

Kuku peti - Marquesas

 
size: ca. 22 cm (length)

extinction date: ca. 1900

 
The reasons for the extinction of this species are almost completely unknown, above all when the survival of the other marquesan fruit-dove species, the White-capped Fruit-Dove (Ptilinopus dupetithouarsii), is considered, which is still fairly common on most islands in the marquesan Archipelago.

The nominate race, which once occured on the island of Nuku Hiva, was extinct by around 1900.

Only a single specimen of the nominate race does still exist today.

 
left:

Red-moustached Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus mercierii mercierii)


depiction: Alexander Lang

 
Hiva Oa Red-moustached Fruit Dove
(Ptilinopus mercierii tristrami)

 
syn. Ptilinopus tristrami

 
distribution:

Marquesas: Fatu Hiva (?), Hiva Oa, Tahuata (?)

 
native name:

Kuku peti - Marquesas

 
size: ca. 22 cm (length)

extinction date: ca. 1922

 
The introduction of the Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) to the marquesan island is occasionally blamed for the extinction of this suspecies.

In fact this owl species was imported only in the year 1927, but only to the island of Hiva Oa, where it is now quite common in the higher elevations.

 
 
above:

Hiva Oa Red-moustached Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus mercierii tristrami)


Photo: Alexander Lang

 
References:

- Dieter Luther: Die ausgestorbenen Vögel der Welt. Westarp Wissenschaften 1986
- H. Douglas Pratt, Phillip L. Bruner, Delwyn G. Berrett: A Field Guide to the Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press 1987
- Errol Fuller: Extinct Birds. Penguin Books (England) 1987
- David Gibbs, Eustace Barnes, John Cox: Pigeons and Doves, A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. Pica Press, Sussex 2001