Rhyothemis semihyalina

Lake Hula Phantom Flutterer
(Rhyothemis semihyalina syriaca)

syn. -


Israel: Hula Valley

local name: -

size: (?)

extinction date: sometimes after 1958

This species itself is distributed majorly in the tropical parts of Africa, the few populations outside this regions are throughout pleistocene relict populations, survivers of the ice ages. The population at the Lake Hula obviously seems to have evolved into a distinct subspecies.

About the taxonomic status of this subspecies however no real clarity seems to exist.


The complete drainage of the Lake Hula as well as of the swamps, associated with this lake, in the year 1958 led to the extinction not just only of this endemic dragonfly form.


Phantom Flutterer (Rhyothemis semihyalina separata), subspecies from the East of Africa, whose taxonomic status seems unresolved as well

Depiction from: 'The natural history of Sokotra and Abdel-Kuri: Beeing the Report upon the Results of the Conjoint Expedition to these Islands in 1898-9, by Mr. W. R. Oglivie-Grant, of the British Museum, and Dr. H. O. Forbes, of the Liverpool Museums, together with information from other available sources; forming A Monograph of the Islands. Liverpool: The Free Puplic Museums, Henry Young & Sons, 1903'



- Wolfgang Schneider: Critical species of Odonata in the Levant. International Journal of Odontology 7(2) 2004: 399-407
- Henri J. Dumont: The Nile: origins, environments, limnology and human use. Springer, 2009